A basic-but-common grep usage error involves pipe’ing the output of cat to grep to search the contents of a single file. This is absolutely unnecessary and a waste of time, because tools such as grep take file names as arguments. You simply do not need to use cat in this situation at all, as in the following example:

[root@un1xf00 root]# time cat passwd | grep root
root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
operator:x:11:0:operator:/root:/sbin/nologin

real    0m0.021s
user    0m0.000s
sys     0m0.030s
[root@un1xf00 root]# time grep root passwd
root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
operator:x:11:0:operator:/root:/sbin/nologin

real    0m0.002s
user    0m0.000s
sys     0m0.000s
[root@un1xf00 root]#

Checkout the time taken for both the commands. Dont pipe cat!.

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